The Golden Compasses


auteur: Leon Voet


bron: Leon Voet, The Golden Compasses. The History of the House of Plantin-Moretus. Vangendt & Co, Amsterdam / Routledge & Kegan Paul, London / Abner Schram, New York 1969-1972. (2 delen)  


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The Golden Compasses

The History of the House of Plantin-Moretus

Leon Voet

bron

Leon Voet, The Golden Compasses. The History of the House of Plantin-Moretus. Vangendt & Co, Amsterdam / Routledge & Kegan Paul, London / Abner Schram, New York 1969-1972. (2 delen)

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Dit bestand biedt, behoudens een aantal hierna te noemen ingrepen, een diplomatische weergave van The Golden Compasses. The History of the House of Plantin-Moretus van Leon Voet uit 1969-1972. Het werk bestaat uit twee delen.

 

redactionele ingrepen

Deel I, p. t.o. iii: kop ‘[Deel I]’ toegevoegd.

Deel I: p. t.o. ii: het bijschrift op deze pagina is bij de bijbehorende illustratie op p. t.o. iii geplaatst. De betreffende pagina is hierdoor vervallen.

Deel I: p. t.o. xii: het bijschrift op deze pagina is bij de bijbehorende illustratie op p. t.o. 1 geplaatst. De betreffende pagina is hierdoor vervallen.

Deel II, p. v: kop ‘[Deel II]’ toegevoegd.

Deel II, p. 123: noot ‘3’ moet zijn ‘1’ en is in deze digitale editie veranderd.

Deel II, p. *27: in het bijschrift zijn een aantal cijfers slecht leesbaar. Op deze plaatsen is ‘[...]’ geplaatst.

Deel II, p. 326: noot 6 heeft in de tekst geen nootverwijzing en kon niet in de lopende tekst geplaatst worden; deze is door de redactie aan het eind van de pagina geplaatst.

Deel II, p. 454: Chapter 20 → Chapter 18

Deel II, p. 459: Chapter 21 → Chapter 19

Deel II, p. 617: booksoeller → bookseller: ‘Schmidt, B. (Frankfurt bookseller) 509’

 

Bij de omzetting van de gebruikte bron naar deze publicatie in de dbnl is een aantal delen van de tekst niet overgenomen. Hieronder volgen de tekstgedeelten die wel in het origineel voorkomen maar hier uit de lopende tekst zijn weggelaten. Ook de blanco pagina's (Deel I: p. ii, viii, 2, 258, 414, 446, 472 en 474; Deel II: p. II, VIII, XXII, 2, 18, 128, 254, 306, 308, 376, 378, 464, 466, 564, 566 en 578) zijn niet opgenomen in de lopende tekst.

 

[Deel I]

[pagina i]

THE GOLDEN COMPASSES THE HISTORY OF THE HOUSE OF PLANTIN-MORETUS

VOLUME I

 

[pagina iii]

THE GOLDEN COMPASSES

A History and Evaluation of the Printing and Publishing Activities of the Officina Plantiniana at Antwerp in two volumes

by

DR LEON VOET

Director of the Plantin-Moretus Museum at Antwerp

volume i

CHRISTOPHE PLANTIN AND THE MORETUSES: THEIR LIVES AND THEIR WORLD

AMSTERDAM: VANGENDT & CO

LONDON: ROUTLEDGE & KEGAN PAUL

NEW YORK: ABNER SCHRAM

 

[pagina iv]

© 1969 by Dr. Leon Voet, Antwerp

This book or parts thereof may not be reproduced by print, photoprint, microfilm, or any other means without previous permission in writing from the publishers

A.L. VANGENDT & CO N.V. AMSTERDAM

Commonwealth of Nations

ROUTLEDGE & KEGAN PAUL LTD LONDON

SBN 7100 6466 7

North America

ABNER SCHRAM (SCHRAM ENTERPRISES LTD) NEW YORK

SBN 8390 0003 0

German Language Area

DR. ERNST HAUSWEDELL & CO HAMBURG

Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 69-20318

Set in Monotype Bembo Series 270

Blocks by Photogravure De Schutter, Antwerp

Printed and bound by St.-Augustinusdrukkerij Desclée De Brouwer, Bruges

PRINTED IN BELGIUM

 

[pagina ix]

Contents


  Preface v
     
  the plantin-moretus dynasty  
     
1. Christophe Plantin, a Prince of Printers 3
     
  Origin and youth 3
  The bookbinder Plantin in Antwerp (1548/9-1555) 11
  The turning point: the bookbinder becomes a printer (1555) 17
  Plantin the heretic 21
  The first years as a printer (1555-1562) 31
  The flight to Paris (1562-1563) 34
  The period of the ‘Compagnie’ (1563-1567) 44
  The year of the great fear (1567) 50
  The beginning of the expansion (1568-1572) 60
  The year of crisis: 1572 73
  The peak years (1573-1576) 80
  The years of turmoil (1576-1582) 84
  The Leiden interlude (1583-1585) 105
  ‘From our once flourishing press’ (1585-1589) 113
  Plantin the man 123
     
2. Plantin's Descendants 139
     
  The Plantin family 139
  Willing and not so willing sons-in-law 147
  [Margareta Plantin and Frans Raphelengius - 147; Martina Plantin and Jan Moretus - 151; Catharina Plantin and her two husbands: Jehan Gassen and Hans Spierinck - 154; Magdalena Plantin and Egidius Beys - 157; Henrica Plantin and Pieter Moerentorf - 162]  

 

 

[pagina x]


  Christophe Plantin's estate 162
  Those who disappeared from view 168
  [Margareta Plantin and the Raphelengius family - 169; Magdalena Plantin and the Beys and Périer families - 178; Catharina Plantin and the family of Arents, called Spierinck - 186; Henrica Plantin and the Moerentorf family - 187]  
     
3. Jan I Moretus (1589-1610) 191
     
4. Balthasar I and Jan II Moretus (1610-1641; 1610-1618) 202
     
5. Balthasar II Moretus (1641-1674) 216
     
6. Balthasar III Moretus (1674-1696) 228
     
7. The later Moretuses 238
     
  The later prosperity 239
  [Anna Maria de Neuf (1696-1714), Balthasar IV (1707-30), Joannes Jacobus (1716-57)]  
  The collapse 244
  [Franciscus Joannes Moretus (1757-68) and Maria Theresia Borrekens (1768-97)]  
  The French interlude 248
  The death throes 252
  [Lodewijk-Frans (1814-20), Albert (1820-65), and Edward Moretus (1865-76)]  
     
  the big house called the plantin press  
     
8. The Plantin Houses 259
     
9. The House in the Vrijdagmarkt 265
     
  Plantin's reconstruction of the ‘Gulden Passer’ (1579-80) 271
  The ‘Gulden Passer’ in Plantin's last years 275
  Jan I Moretus and the ‘Gulden Passer’ 276
  The ‘renovations’ of Balthasar I Moretus (1620-22) 278
  Balthasar I's second series of rebuilding works (1637-39) 282
  The busts in the courtyard 285
  The ‘Gulden Passer’ between 1640 and 1761 286
  The building of the new front (1761-63) 293
  The Plantin house becomes a museum 298
     
10. The Patrician Residence 301
     
  Furniture 308
  Clocks 309

 

 

[pagina xi]


  Musical instruments 309
  Globes 310
  Porcelain and ceramics 311
  Embossed leather 311
  Tapestries 313
  Sculpture 314
  Painting 316
  Paintings in the Plantin-Moretus Museum 327
     
11. The Library 338
     
12. The Plantin House as a Humanist Centre 362
     
13. The Plantin House as a Tourist Attraction 396
     
14. The Plantin-Moretus Museum 407
     
  appendices  
     
1. A Tour of the Plantin-Moretus Museum 415
     
  The Entrance Hall and Staircase 415
  The Tapestry Room 416
  The Great Drawing-Room 417
  The Drawings and Manuscript Room 417
  The Courtyard 418
  The Shop 419
  The Back Room of the Shop 419
  The Tapestry Drawing-Room 419
  Genesis and History of the Book 419
  The Kitchen 420
  The Correctors' Room 420
  The Office 420
  The Justus Lipsius Room 421
  The Humanists' Room 421
  The Type Room 421
  The Printing Office 422
  The Staircase 422
  The First Plantin Room 422
  The Second Plantin Room 423
  The Little Library 423

 

 

[pagina xii]


  The Moretus Room 423
  The Rubens Room 423
  The Antwerp Printers' Room 424
  The Drawing-Room 424
  The Archives Room 425
  The Geography Room 425
  The Foreign Printers' Room 425
  The Small Drawing-Room 426
  The Bedroom 426
  The Book Illustration Room 426
  The Foundry Work Room 427
  The Foundry 427
  The Large Library 428
  The Second Library 428
  The Max Horn Room (Old Bookbindings) 428
  Collections of the Plantin-Moretus Museum 429
     
2. Chronological List of Masters of the ‘Gulden Passer’ 430
     
3. Genealogy of the Masters of the ‘Gulden Passer’ 431
     
4. Notes on the Genealogy of the Later Moretuses 436
     
5. The Plantinian Printing Office: Presses in Operation (1564-1765) 437
     
6. Notes on the Currency and Money Values in the Netherlands in the Sixteenth to the Eighteenth Centuries 440
     
  bibliography 447
     
  index 475

 

 

[Deel II]

[pagina I]

THE GOLDEN COMPASSES

THE HISTORY OF THE HOUSE OF PLANTIN-MORETUS

VOLUME II

 

[pagina III]

THE GOLDEN COMPASSES

A History and Evaluation of the Printing and Publishing Activities of the Officina Plantiniana at Antwerp in two volumes

by

DR LEON VOET

Director of the Plantin-Moretus Museum at Antwerp

VOLUME 2

THE MANAGEMENT OF A PRINTING AND PUBLISHING HOUSE IN RENAISSANCE AND BAROQUE

AMSTERDAM: VANGENDT & CO

LONDON: ROUTLEDGE & KEGAN PAUL

NEW YORK: ABNER SCHRAM

 

[pagina IV]

© 1972 Dr. Leon Voet, Antwerp

This book or parts thereof may not be reproduced in any form of by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and recording, or by any information storage or retrieval system, without previous permission in writing from the publishers

A.L. VANGENDT & CO N.V. AMSTERDAM

ISBN 90-6300-004-9

Commonwealth of Nations

ROUTLEDGE & KEGAN PAUL LTD LONDON

0-7100-6467-5

North America

ABNER SCHRAM (SCHRAM ENTERPRISES LTD) NEW YORK

0-8390-0004-9

German Language Area

DR. ERNST HAUSWEDELL & CO HAMBURG

Translated from the manuscript by

RAYMOND H. KAYE

Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 69-20318

Set in Monophoto Bembo Series 270

Lithographed, printed, and bound by St.-Augustinusdrukkerij, Bruges

Typography and cover design Huib van Krimpen

PRINTED IN BELGIUM

 

[pagina IX]

Contents


  Preface v
     
  introductory  
     
1. Records and Accounts 3
  The business, its spheres of operation 7
     
  the printer's materials  
     
2. Paper and Parchment 19
     
3. Ink 47
     
4. Type Material 51
  Typefaces and founts 53
  Punches and matrices 58
  Cast type 91
     
  the printer's techniques and methods  
     
5. The Printing Shop 129
  The press 132
  Compositor's equipment 142
     
6. Choice of Type, Format and Size of Edition 154
  Type designs 154
  Format 160
  Size of edition 169
     
7. Proof Correction 174
     
8. Illustration 194
  Colouring of illustrations 242

 

 

[pagina X]


9. Binding 244
  Minor processes 251
     
  publishing  
     
10. Censorship and Privileges 255
     
11. Manuscripts and Authors 279
     
12. Production Times 302
     
  working conditions and industrial relations  
     
13. The Printing Press and its Staff 309
  The compositors 311
  The pressmen 318
  The collators 328
  The ‘gouverneur’ 331
  The relationship between compositors and pressmen 333
  General working conditions 343
  The apprentices 351
     
14. An Unruly Republic 357
  The chapel 361
  The sick fund 372
     
  sales and finances  
     
15. Costing 379
  Wages as part of the running costs 385
     
16. Sales 387
  Selling prices 388
  Analysis of a financial year 390
  The markets 392
  Trade in other publishers' books 417
  Publicity 422
  Storage, packing, and transport 425
     
17. Computations and Payments 440
     
18. Loans 454
     
19. Difficulties of the Business 459

 

 

[pagina XI]


  appendixes  
     
1. Balance-sheet of the Firm's Activities in the Year 1566 467
2. Books Bought and Sold in the Year 1566 470
3. Books Bought and Sold in the Year 1609 482
4. Books Bought and Sold in the Year 1650 491
5. The Frankfurt Book Fair: Lent 1579 500
6. The Frankfurt Book Fairs: Lent and September 1609 507
7. Sales Figures for Some Publications of Plantin 519
8. Impositions and Folding Schemes 526
9. Additional Notes to Volume 1 562
     
  bibliography 565
     
  index 581